• Recording date: 1977-10-20
  • Owner: Euskarabidea-mediateka
  • Informant: Eugenie Harguindeguy. Juan Cruz Arrosagaray.Pedro Juan Etchamendy.
  • Researcher: Jose Maria Satrustegi
  • Main theme: Song: Salamanca. Juan Cruz┤s way of life in California and why he left Valcarlos.
  • Permission to query: Free
  • Permission to publish: Limited
  • Sound quality: Normal
Towns Dialects Maps
Piece Time Summary
A04 00:16:12
He began to work with sheep in 1930. Those were bad years, the worst in 1934. They went to another part of the country; they did eight hundred kilometers by train and on foot. The Government made them get rid of a certain percentage of sheep, because there were too many. The land they went through was mostly desert and mountain. They went with the sheep and they needed permission to get through certain places. The achieved their goal because they know how to measure the consignment they had. Others had to go back after halfway and they lost what they had. Crossing the Nevada sierra they went to Fresno and they worked vineyards to feed the sheep. They had many bad years. The most arid land was for the livestock and if it didnĺt rain there was no food. These last few years they have brought water in trucks to where the sheep were. The shepherd has a lot of enemies in America. Before, they could control the coyotes because they were allowed put down poison and traps. But now they are not allowed and the number is increasing. A friend of his who went to Idaho had to get rid of his sheep as he could do nothing against the coyotes. They attack the lambs above all. There are many associations in favor of the coyotes because they say that the sheep will never disappear but the coyote could. An Anecdote.The coyotes are everywhere and they also go into the towns. They have been seen on the streets of Los Angeles. There are many people who would deserve to be forced to eat coyote meat instead of lamb.
A03 00:09:22
Chatting to Pedro Juan Etxamendi: the tale of the silencing cheese. The story about the grandmother who was lead to believe she was talking to her husband by phone. The story of Be˝ardo Lacosta and the hunting gear.
A02 00:03:10
Juan Cruz was in Euskal Herria last year. He found a big change and noticed how the Basque language has been lost in many areas.He went to Calafornia in 1925. He had already got three brothers there by then. They were a big family at home. Also, there was a practice then of escaping from doing the military service by going abroad. For these two reasons he took himself off to Calafornia. First he went to New York and from there to California. His brothers were not far off and a cousin took him to them. The first years were the hardest as he didnĺt even have the language under control.He had his first health problem in 1950. He suffered a heart attack. It took a long time to get over the thing completely. In 1952 he bought sheep again and continued for four more years. But when he worked hard he would get the pain. The doctor told him not to sell the sheep but to get someone who could do the hard work for him. Later he worked as a wool buyer.
A01 00:00:00
A song recorded when Angela was eight years old in 1970: "Salamancara" (to Salamanca).
Track Time Listen to file
SC-007a-A 31:11
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