Themes

jobs: [40 results]

Recording Piece Others themes Sumary
D-008 A01 America
D-055 A01 lifestyle - jobs:
D-064 B01 America
I-028 A03 America
I-028 A06 America
I-029 A10 lifestyle
I-029 B01 nutrition:
IR-011b A01 America - jobs:
IR-016 A04 America
IR-018 A03 jobs:
IR-022b B04
SC-002b A03 America
I-056 A11 America
I-056 B03 America
SM-009 A04 America Shepherd life in America: size of the flocks, lambs and coyotes.
SM-009 A06 America When they were working as shepherds in America, they used to be in carts.
SM-009 A09 America - nutrition: How he made bread when he was a shepherd in America. They made a hole in the ground about the size of a tray. There they put in hot ash and then left the tray of dough about one hour in the hole.
SM-010a A06 jobs: Most houses had some sheep. The sheep from all the houses except three, were looked after in the same flock by a shepherd as there were not so many in total. The shepherd would be fed in the different houses.The goatherd looked afer the goats. He was paid and fed in each house, depending on the goat they had.
I-092 A02 nutrition: When they were shepherds they would sometimes sleep in the huts, but not always. They also would make the cheese there.
SC-002c A04 America His life as a shepherd in America.
II-141b A01 animal husbandry: Introduction and presentation. There are still some shepherds who spend the whole summer in the hills.(2.30”) He was born and has always lived in the hills.Blueberry bushes. Nowadays he has few sheep. He began as a work-boy at the age of eleven. He was in the hills until February. If there was snow, the sheep were kept in the hut and if not, they were in the open air. Sheep and rams. The large flocks from Ibañeta.
II-034a A02 war When he was a prisoner in Germany he worked as a shepherd for a year and a half. They knew he had been a shepherd and that was why they selected him.The cows and the sheep were inside and they came out in April.
II-051a A01 jobs: Introduction.He has been a shepherd for fifty-six years at the cabin. At the beginning there were more of them and each one had his particular post. "Artzain nagusia" (the principal shepherd), who made the cheese, "artzain mutila" (the shepherd), "neskatua" (the master of the house), who was a cook, "antsozaina"(?).They would be up in the mountains for seventeen days at a time and they rotated the jobs depending on that."Lukenak".(07:45") They brought the cheese down on the mules. They would make cheese until Magdalene.
II-051a A04 game: The shepherds also had their games: pelota, “urdanka”(?), They would also sing. There were also singers among the shepherds.
X-015b A01 America At the age of nineteen he went to America to work as a shepherd with a lad from Gartzain and another from Arizkun with a contract for three and a half years. They took the train in Bilbao and went to Madrid. They took a plane to New York from Madrid and from there another one to Los Angeles. A Basque-speaking woman met them at the airport and the very next day he started to work alone. In winter the shepherds meet together more often, but in summer he would only see the camp man once a week. In the beginning it was very hard, the lonliness of it all. Later at night he would leave the sheep alone and meet up with other shepherds. He had to learn to do everything: to clean, to cook, to sew…When the contract was up he came home. He started working with the house chores but he had no luck with the livestock and he went off again to America. It was a similar kind of contract but in a different place. This time he knew the work. He has always liked sheep. When he finished the contract his boss arranged his papers so that he now had residency. Then he came back again. After another two years at home he went back again for the third time. And this time he stayed there. Nowadays he has more friends there and here he gets bored.
X-015b A03 America In America he has sheep but he does not work as a shepherd. He gets up early and feeds the animals. By nine o’clock he has finished .They have a good breakfast and they are free until two. At midday the sheep are fed again and by five they are free again.
SC-007a A02 disease - America Juan Cruz was in Euskal Herria last year. He found a big change and noticed how the Basque language has been lost in many areas.He went to Calafornia in 1925. He had already got three brothers there by then. They were a big family at home. Also, there was a practice then of escaping from doing the military service by going abroad. For these two reasons he took himself off to Calafornia. First he went to New York and from there to California. His brothers were not far off and a cousin took him to them. The first years were the hardest as he didn’t even have the language under control.He had his first health problem in 1950. He suffered a heart attack. It took a long time to get over the thing completely. In 1952 he bought sheep again and continued for four more years. But when he worked hard he would get the pain. The doctor told him not to sell the sheep but to get someone who could do the hard work for him. Later he worked as a wool buyer.
SC-007a A04 America - animals: He began to work with sheep in 1930. Those were bad years, the worst in 1934. They went to another part of the country; they did eight hundred kilometers by train and on foot. The Government made them get rid of a certain percentage of sheep, because there were too many. The land they went through was mostly desert and mountain. They went with the sheep and they needed permission to get through certain places. The achieved their goal because they know how to measure the consignment they had. Others had to go back after halfway and they lost what they had. Crossing the Nevada sierra they went to Fresno and they worked vineyards to feed the sheep. They had many bad years. The most arid land was for the livestock and if it didn’t rain there was no food. These last few years they have brought water in trucks to where the sheep were. The shepherd has a lot of enemies in America. Before, they could control the coyotes because they were allowed put down poison and traps. But now they are not allowed and the number is increasing. A friend of his who went to Idaho had to get rid of his sheep as he could do nothing against the coyotes. They attack the lambs above all. There are many associations in favor of the coyotes because they say that the sheep will never disappear but the coyote could. An Anecdote.The coyotes are everywhere and they also go into the towns. They have been seen on the streets of Los Angeles. There are many people who would deserve to be forced to eat coyote meat instead of lamb.
SC-011b A01 America He went as a shepherd in 1957. In the beginning it was tough; he especially missed the Sunday afternoon fiestas they used to have. He started with a flock of three thousand five hundred sheep. He was at it for three and a half years with two different bosses. His contract began in 1956. He had to spend three years there.The Basque speakers used to meet up quite often. There were eighteen or twenty thousand sheep in those lands and all the shepherds were Basque speakers.The second boss paid him more. He took tax out of the salary.
IR-019 A01 America
IC-003c A01 Right now they would be better off down in Pamplona at the sanfermin fiestas with some girl or other.The work of a shepherd. He has been a shepherd since he was five years old. Nowadays nobody want to be a shepherd and the only ones around are old people. He is eighty years old.
IC-014a A10 (The man speaks). In winter he would spend four months in France with the sheep and the summer months in the cabins of the mountain pass. Now he does not go to France because there are problems with the French.
IC-014a A12 To be a shepherd is a hard life if you are forced into it. If you do it with enthusiasm then it is not so bad. The variants "aberastu" and "abrastu" (to get rich).The shepherds from The Roncal and from Salazar usually go down to the Bardenas to spend the winter months there. Those from Aezkoa on the other hand usually go over to France. The sheep from Aezkoa are “lachas” while those from The Roncal and Salazar are “churras”. They have never mixed sheeps’ milk and cow’s milk in together.
I-052 A01 There were a lot of people at home and there were no factories for work and so he had to leave the home. First he was in Irati, and later he went to France to work in the mountain because the earnings were better there. From there he went to Germany to work in a factory. Later, following the advice of a friend he had met in France, he went to America, to Calafornia as a shepherd. That work was very hard, always alone and bored. Later he went to Los Angeles to work in a slaughterhouse with two of his brothers. After coming back he continued as a shepherd because here he likes the work as the hills are smaller and the journey is shorter.
IC-054a A01 There were a lot of people at home and there were no factories for work and so he had to leave the home. First he was in Irati, and later he went to France to work in the mountain because the earnings were better there. From there he went to Germany to work in a factory. Later, following the advice of a friend he had met in France, he went to America, to Calafornia as a shepherd. That work was very hard, always alone and bored. Later he went to Los Angeles to work in a slaughterhouse with two of his brothers. After coming back he continued as a shepherd because here he likes the work as the hills are smaller and the journey is shorter.
I-027 A02 Cándido was a shepherd and had a very good dog. What the dog did and how Cándido trained it.
II-164a A01 Life in the mountains. Wool. The mountain shepherds made thread with black wool and stockings with the thread. They fluffed up the wool by hand. Thread was made by rolling the wool on a wooden pin. They made soleless socks. The shepherd that used the hut before him taught him how to do it.
II-164a A03 He stayed in the mountains from May to December. He spent the best days of the year there, but he has no regrets because he likes the mountains. Some summers, he looked after more than 300 cows which did not belong to him in the mountains. In the mountains, he always got around by foot or donkey. He does not go to the mountains every day any more. He understands that now sheep do not need a shepherd with them all day. Sometimes, not many, he got together with other shepherd to have dinner or amuse themselves. They did not play “mus” much. He did not play, but the shepherds used to get together to play “pilota” in places that they called “pilota”, throwing a ball from one to another.
II-005a A02 life - work:
II-005a A04 nutrition: