Themes

religion [27 results]

Recording Piece Others themes Sumary
D-019 A01 religion: - day:
D-062 A05 religion:
IR-021 A07 miscellaneous
SM-002 A06 anecdote - day:
SM-002 A09 anecdote - witchcraft
X-006b A02 church
S-014b A03 song (10.35") Singing that song they went to Loiola by train and then walking the rest. Anecdote about the time there was a fire. The fire started when they were sleeping in a haystack.
S-014b A06 anecdote A song on the passion of Christ. All the young people would go to the Santo Cristo to learn these songs. They would sing them on Good Friday in church. There were some books with those songs in them. They were singing those songs on the death of her mother. Her father was so upset by it that he himself died and they were buried on the same day.
X-011a A06 family: Felipe is always saying that his kids are better off than he ever was. When they were young they had a harder life than the young people of today.In the old days it was not so much respect that you felt for your parents but rather fear. The same happened with the priest and with the schoolmaster. The priest used to go every day to the school to teach the catechism. Prayers were said at home too. The religious atmosphere was there during the whole day. They never knew of anyone who was outside of the standard religious practices. It was necessary to ask for permission not to attend mass. Daughters of Mary.
SM-001a A02 anecdote - Cuba A painting of the meeting house and the tree in Gernika in the museum of magic and superstitions.There are about fifty different religions there. He has never believed in any kind of superstition. There were three churches open but not many people would attend. There has been little Catholicism in Cuba.
X-020a A01 religion: On the day of the Trinity they would head off in procession from the church to the hermitage of San Joaquín. The priest was taken on a mule. On arrival at the hermitage they would be met by the hermitage caretaker and all would go to the church in procession. They would have breakfast and then say mass. A good meal would be made in the same hermitage. Then there would be a dance beside the hermitage. They would finish the day with a rosary and each person would then return to their village. The town hall would also attend and they would go with the priest in procession back to the village. The young people would remain behind and go to the "Bustitz" field with accordiansists from Sunbilla, Goizueta, Zubieta, Santesteban...There they would have a dance and later each one would go back to his village. It was held on the Mendaur height and it is also held there now, but now they go down to eat to the dam.
SK-009b A01 cave - prehistory - cave painting Perhaps the base for the religious beliefs lies there. The reasons for relating the drawings to the hunt.Names and characteristics of the caves where the paintings are:In Zuberoa: Etxeberri, Sasiseroaga.The drawings are made in places which are difficult to get to, so that they were not made to be seen but rather had some other purpose.Isturitze, between Zugarramurdi and Urdazubi, Atxerri (in the village of Aia), Ekain (in Zestoa), Goikoa (in Berrio), Santimamiñe, Laperra ( in Arantza).The reason for doing things in those places: some said it was a magic ritual, they would draw the animal that they wanted to capture and the drawing helped bring the animal to them. This opinion has been around a long time. Others said that it was a Totem. That is to say, they would do the drawing from where it had come from. But why hide it so much?Now it is believed that it had a religious base; related to some God or other, signs of praying…As a young man he used to call these drawings “holy ones”. In his opinion the root of the religious beliefs of those times lie here, they are images of Holy Things. Something directed towards the humans and their first needs. The age of the Megalithic occurred around 5,000 years ago. It was the age of stone. What has survived from that period are the graves. It would seem that the dwelling-place of the dead was more important than that of the living (perhaps because of the duration of one and the other). In Euskal Herria there are many dolmens. The Cro-Magnon Man turned into the Basque race. In his opinion the Basque race originated in Euskal Herria. According to the bones found in one of the caves, the bones of the cranium from 7,000 years ago were Basque. Cro-Magnon lived here and evolved in time. Consequently, instead of asking where the Basque race came from, we should ask ourselves why the race emerged in this area. The environment changed, the ice receded and Euskal Herria expanded. When the environment changed man was able to start living outside the caves. The need for living from hunting lessened as animals became domesticated and land began to be cultivated for cereal and fruit. A new background, new locations, new food and an improved condition. All this brought about evolution in mankind. Drawings were made from the same characteristics from about 35,000 years ago to 12,000 years ago. Does that mean that the same beliefs were there during all that time?Possibly so. Evolution took place but some things would have continued the same.
SK-010a A01 beliefs - religion: burials They had tombs and they buried the dead with care. They were large tombs and they did not put the bodies under the ground but rather they simply left them under the stones. Those stones were placed like a box and facing towards the East.They were placed in such a way that the head of the deceased pointed towards the East and the feet towards the West. Ornaments of bone and stone were placed on them and vessels and presents placed by their side. Round funeral stones have also been found, representing the light of the dead person. The romans, however, represented the darkness.In front of the access on the East side traces of large bonefires have been found. The bonefire of the first dolmen found in Alava. It would have been obligatory to light a fire to the dead.The stones used were made of limestone. Sometimes they were taken from a large distance. That is why it has been deduced that the dead were of great importance to early man. That work was not made just for food and drink. There had to be another reason. Later all those things have come down to the age of writing in the name of religion. That is why it is believed that they had a religion. But what religion? They adored the sun and used it to align things. Fire, light, gifts. In a tomb in Laguardia, drawings of women were found on stone, but nobody knows why this was done. In the Iron Age bodies were incinerated instead of being buried. Then they put the ashes of the body inside the center of the cromlech. They would also bury bodies inside the house. He himself has seen this custom in Euskal Herria in his time. There is a saying for someone who has not been a good Christian: "Hori hiltzen denean etxeko teilapean ehortzi beharko da" ( when that one dies he will have to be buried under a roof). That idea expresses two points: On the one hand, they put the body under the roof eaves. On the other hand, the children were buried with a tile on top and another below. In Roman times the tile symbolized the house. In Roman times words began to be written more often on stone. Up to then, little had been written and that few in a different alphabet. Traces of this alphabet have been found (in Angelu). That alphabet disappeared with the arrival of the Romans. Names of Gods from Euskal Herria have materialized and the mountains had their own Gods as had the streams and other places. That means that there existed plural Gods. Christianity put all that aside. They were told: “There is one being who moves everything, but it does not exist in those places you think it does”.About the physical universe. Man introduces new cycles in the universe.
SK-010b A01 beliefs Most of the traces are from between 35,000 years and 12,000 years ago. The experts say that there was a religious element. But it is not possible to define what that religion was or what God it could have been. In the drawings of the hunt, they can see the morphology but they cannot know the explanations or reasons. Examples.Here, with the witchery, the witches would take on the form of animals which would be lacking some part of their body. Anecdote.The women were matriarchal and were well respected. In the laws from here this has always continued. In other parts of Europe whoever, there were more patriarchal societies. But here there was equality in the birthrights.
X-004a A01 Presentation of the programme.
X-004a A02 Illness. The solitude of the ill. Solidarity with the ill. How to help the ill. The idea that illness is a punishment from God is widely believed and that is an idea that needs to be eradicated. An ill person is somebody suffering from an ailment. The patient is anointed. After anointment, the patient feels consoled, revitalised and encouraged. This union with God should be celebrated. Unction is the caress of the Holy Ghost, it gives hope.
X-004b A01 Work in the church in Ziga. They have laid slabs and cleaned the stairs. The regional council subsidised part of the work and the rest was paid for by old residents of Ziga living in Mexico. The work was done in “auzolan”. There used to be smaller church before the current one. A great deal of the cost of building was paid by the local priest at that time. Lightening destroyed the tower in 1821, but it was fixed in two years. In 1904, the reredos currently in the church was brought from Saint Nicholas’ in Pamplona.
X-004b A03
X-004b A03 The sacrament of confirmation. In Elizondo, a group of young people are going to receive this sacrament. Many of them say that they do not want to have anything to do with the church afterwards. However, not doing it is looked badly upon in small villages and parents make their children do it. The young should be braver and should refuse to do it if they do not believe in it.
X-004c A02 The monastery of the nuns of the Order of St. Clare in Arizkun. Bishops appeal for organ donors.
X-007b A03 Gathering of young Catholics in Rome.
X-007b A04 Life in Rome. Studies and work with the gypsies. The largest slum in Europe is in Rome and the gypsies live there in very poor conditions. The ecclesiastical atmosphere in Rome: on one side the Vatican curia; and on the other, the state of the diocese of Rome.
X-007b A05 The state of the diocese in Navarre compared to others in the world.
X-007b A06 The subject of the speaker’s thesis. The credibility of faith.
X-007b A07 The work of the layman’s school in the Pamplona Seminary.
II-140b B13 youth - dance - work:
II-140b B15 youth - dance